UPDATE (09.02.2019): Post updated with a link to the enhanced NYC Subway service guide and a note on future service enhancements. Check back often for updates.
Over the years, I’ve given much thought to New York’s transportation infrastructure and how to improve it. While I mainly focused on subways, given my love of trains, I recently began thinking beyond the rails.
It’s no secret – NYC’s subway is in crisis. NY is always stuck in traffic. NY’s highways are a chief source of pollution and misery. Politicians blame bikes for car-caused congestion. And none of it’s getting any better. So how do we fix it?
Introducing the New York-area Transportation Improvement Plan (NYTIP)!
What is NYTIP, you ask? Simply put, NYTIP is my informal collection of ideas for improving New York’s transportation systems and infrastructure. I’ll present these ideas in a series of blog posts.
My motivation for starting this blog series came from many places – studying transit and highway maps, researching formal subway plans, proposals from the Regional Plan Association, discussions on Transit/Urbanist Twitter, ideas from Second Avenue Sagas, vanshnookenraggen, and others, and of course, my own ideas. This post will serve as an index for NYTIP; as I publish new posts on NYTIP, I’ll link to them here.
First, a disclaimer. I am not affiliated with any transportation agencies; however, I am affiliated with transit advocates, through my Transportation Alternatives and Rail Passengers Association memberships.
Now let’s get to the fun part!
VOLUME I: FIXING THE NYC SUBWAY SYSTEM
My first series of posts on NYTIP will address the broken NYC subway system. NYTIP prescribes a three-point plan for the NYC Subway, in this order:
- Enhance. Improve the NYC subway’s frequency and regularity by reducing merging conflicts throughout the system. This is known as “de-interlining”.
- Extend. Extend NYC’s subway lines to increase the system’s reach.
- Expand. Build new subway lines to serve areas that the existing system doesn’t serve well, or at all.
The goal of this three-point plan is to allow each subway line to run at least every 4 minutes during peak hours and at least every 8 minutes during off-peak hours, including weekends. Regardless of current loading guidelines or service levels, this will be the new baseline for subway service, with higher-ridership routes receiving more frequent service. To make weekend service more reliable under NYTIP, almost all planned work will shift from weekends to the overnight hours through targeted line closures – essentially an expanded FASTRACK program. In exchange, each subway line that operates overnight will run every 15 minutes instead of every 20. (EDIT: In the future, NYTIP will allow for even more service. With additional infrastructural improvements, baseline service on each line is 3 minutes or better during peak hours, 6 minutes or better off-peak, 5 minutes or better on weekends, and 12 minutes or better overnight.) Proper street management is key to making this transition a success, as line closures will require adequate substitutes; I’ll explore those later.
My next set of posts on NYTIP address point 1 (enhance); the first of these posts addresses the Central Park West trunk line (A, B, C, and D lines). Until next time!